Sunday, August 18, 2019
International Development in Developing Countries Essay -- Developing
International Development in Developing Countries Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦increasing international trade and financial flows since the Second World War have fostered sustained economic growth over the long term in the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s high-income states. Some with idle incomes have prospered as well, but low-income economies generally have not made significant gains. The growing world economy has not produced balanced, healthy economic growth in the poorer states. Instead, the cycle of underdevelopment more aptly describes their plight. In the context of weak economies, the negative effects of international trade and foreign investments have been devastating. Issues of trade and currency values preoccupy the economic policies of states with low-income economies even more than those with high incomes because the downturns are far more debilitating.1Ã¢â¬ The topic that I have selected for my chapter evaluation essay is that of Ã¢â¬Å"Economic DevelopmentÃ¢â¬ . This paragraph above is the best summary of the chapterÃ¢â¬â¢s contents. In this chapter the author discusses the influence of development on the three worlds of countries. These worlds are benchmarks set to assess countries economic states relative to each other. When looking through the topic of development, two drastically different ways to assess it arise. The majority of the western world looks at development in terms of per capita GNP. This means each country is evaluated on a level playing field, comparing the production of each country in economic value. Opposite this style of evaluation is that of the alternative view, which measures a countryÃ¢â¬â¢s development on its ability to fulfill basic material and non-material needs. Cultural ties are strong in this case as most of the population does not produce for wealth but merely survival and tradition. Throughout the chapter the text exerts more emphasis on the economical evaluation of a country's development rather than the alternative method. It begins to branch off quickly into the classification of countries deriving new topics all relating back to the economical approach. Beginning this discussion is the topic of underdevelopment. Many factors can lead to the underdevelopment of a country. The most common sign of underdevelopment is that of a Ã¢â¬Å"Dual EconomyÃ¢â¬ , this takes place when a Ã¢â¬Å"small modern elite and middle class make up about 20-30% of a countryÃ¢â¬â¢... ...an overabundance of information all applicable to the topic. My feeling was that such an overwhelming load of facts and systems directed me away from the most important facts of the chapter. Its imperative that the student understands the small scale relationship to economic development. Therefore my attempt was to highlight the main topics of the chapter and relate them to the reader to provoke intrest and thought towards many of these important life changing situations that occur everyday. If one can see past all the theories primarily and see the cause and effects behind them, theyÃ¢â¬â¢re appreciation for the ideas stated in the theories. Bibliography: 1. Global perspectives/ Kelleher, Ann./ Upper Saddle River, N.J. : Prentice Hall, c1999. 2. The Globalization Of World Politics/Baylis,John & Smith, Steve/Oxford University Press Inc., New York, c2001. 3. Poverty And Development/Allen, Tim & Thomas, Alan/ Oxford University Press, Milton Keynes, U.K., c2000. 4. Globalization And International Relations Theory/Clark, Ian/Oxford University Press Inc., New York, c1999. 5. Civilizing World Politics/Albert,Mathias/Rowman & Littlefield Inc. Lanham, Maryland, c2000.