Monday, May 6, 2019

Critical Evaluation for the Presentation of Research Data in Essay

Critical Evaluation for the insertion of look for Data in Architecture - Essay ExampleQualitative Research Context there has been a substantial growth in qualitative inquiry within social sciences over the historical two decades. Miles and Huberman (1994 1) suggest a tripling of papers and find evidence of signifi arset growth in academic texts. The reasons for this may be clear, as Cassell and Symon (1995 2) point out that research in social sciences is in the main concerned with people, organizations, and social interactions, and is non well disposed to positivist / scientific philosophy. There are some risks and challenges facing the researcher adopting this methodology. Some academics are dismissive of the methodology, mostly on grounds of the validity of the climb and consequently the reliability of the findings whereas, there are arguments that the methods are non-scientific, open to personal opinions, biases, and subjective interpretations. Qualitative Research Philoso phy Research philosophy entails the examination of beliefs, both our own, as well as those of others, on how friendship is developed. A discussion on research philosophy usually commences with a consideration of two opposition research perspectives, positivism and phenomenology as elaborated by Saunders (2008 120). There are clear rules and statistical procedures, which can be followed to produce objective and generalisable findings in quantitative techniques on the other hand, qualitative research has to rein in issues of subjectivity, and social construction, which are concepts far more difficult to pin down with basic rules and procedures, and where results may be more open to interpretation (Miles, 1994 591). These issues lead to the important areas that a qualitative research design must tackle, namely validity, reliability, and bias. correspond to Miles et al (1994) the task for the qualitative researcher is to build in robustness ( testament the design stand up in differ ent and difficult blank spaces) and rigor (will the design demonstrate comprehensive attention to detail) into the research design. This will involve careful attention to planning, data collection, data abbreviation and presentation. These issues will be considered within units 9 and 10 when we go on to look at the process and procedures involved in planning, data collection, analysis and presentation. In quantitative based studies, a key objective is often to design the study to specific statistical rules so that results from samples can be generalised to a wider population. In qualitative research, this can not be claimed. Results are subject to interpretation. The real value of qualitative research according to Thomas (2004 131) lies not in generalisation but particularisation. In other words, the richness and k flatledge derives from understanding a situation or case, in greater depth. Quantitative Research Approach The implications for the research process are now examined w ith a look at the processes for inductive and deductive approaches to research. Within the deductive approach, research flows from developing a single hypothesis or multiple hypotheses concerning the association or relationship between data. Often such(prenominal) studies seek to establish cause and affect relationships between

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